5 amazing facts about Toile de Jouy – Natalia Willmott
This site has limited support for your browser. We recommend switching to Edge, Chrome, Safari, or Firefox.

Free UK shipping over £125 Free • Europe shipping over £250 • Free North America shipping over £350

5 amazing facts about Toile de Jouy - Natalia Willmott

5 amazing facts about Toile de Jouy

Toile de Jouy- refers to toiles usually made in cotton and printed at the Oberkampf factory in Jouy-en- Josas (Yvelines in northern France) between 1760 and 1843. At this period in France hundreds of other factories produced printed fabrics but Jouy became one of the most famous, partly because of its ideal location between Versailles and Paris and its proximity to the Royal court. Nantes was also a big centre profiting from maritime trade.

Rochefort toile by Romanex de Boussac 1967

The origins of toile

In the late 16th century when Indian chintzes were introduced to France, they displayed vibrant colours and used different techniques like painting and block printing to create designs. They became popular because they were lightweight and the colours resisted to washing. 

 

Les Noces du village- 1830 Toile de Nantes

Technique

Printing was done with wooden carved blocs ( later on with copper plates). These were applied to prepared cotton as the blocks were coated with dyes. The quality of the toiles comes partly from the use of very fine cotton threads and mechanically woven toiles.

 

Detail of the wedding scene 

Toiles thematic

Toiles are  characterised by a repeating pattern of scenes or landscape, pastoral, mythical or allegorical with motifs borrowed from Antiquity. Engravings of the time were interpreted and used as inspiration too. Toiles are still popular today and many designers create them for their collections, reinterpreting traditional motifs or completely transforming the design vocabulary.

 

Olivier Thevenon contemporary Toile de Jouy

Hierachy

Very quickly there was a hierarchy of workers. 

The most important being the "dessinateur" (draftsman) et the "graveur" (engraver), the colourists (in charge of mordants and baths) , the printers and the "pinceauteuse" (in charge of adding little hand painted motifs and the "picoteuses"(in charge of creating the more repetitive backgrounds often little dots).

 

Mulhouse, Alsace fine toile

Use

Today toile is used sparingly but in the 18th c, everything was covered in toile from walls to ceilings, to furniture, accessories and beds. It was partly to keep warmth in a room and partly aesthetic. It really creates an air of romanticism and its why it is still popular and collectable today.

Thonet chair from 1888-1922 with petite toile by Olivier Thevenon 

Subscribe to our mailing list to receive 10% off your first shop

Cart